Rosacea is a chronic, noncontageous, and potentially life-disruptive skin disorder which is estimated to affect over 16 million Americans and 45 million people all over the world. This skin disease often found to occur in north-western European people who have got white complexion. It is also nicknamed as “curse of Celts” in Ireland. This skin disease often appears as flare-ups on the facial area and often misunderstood as acne breakouts.
What is Rosacea
This is a hereditary and chronic skin disorder which frequently appears any time after the age of 30 on different facial parts including nose, forehead, chin, and cheekbones. In some cases this might also appear at neck, scalp, chest, or ears.
At the initial stages this skin disease causes subtle redness which might disappear on its own. However, some cases of redness, especially if left untreated, tend to become more aggravated by developing inflammation
and skin eruptions, and blood vessels might become visible on the skin surface. Furthermore the tissues on the skin surface tend to become thick and swelled which would be too sensitive to touch.
In severe cases the nose might become extremely swollen due to accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Also almost 50% of rosacea sufferers are found to be affected by eye irritation with the appearance of watery eyes along with bloodshot in them.
This disease is most often prevalent in women, however men sufferers are found to come up with more severe symptoms, and the most probable reason behind this might be the delaying to seek medical assistance until the whole situation exacerbates to a serious ailment.
How Does It Occur?
Unfortunately the actual reason behind the formation of this skin disease is still unknown. Although it has been reported that all segments of world’s population might be affected by this disease, nevertheless, people with fair complexion who have a tendency to get flushing or blushing more frequently are always at a greater risk. Many experts believe that rosacea could be somehow related to some mysterious disorder of the blood vessels underneath cutaneous layer.
Some doctors also suspect that the Helicobacter pylori infections of the gastric mucosa could be responsible for this disease. This bacterium is a natural inhabitant of our gastrointestinal tract which encourages the skin resulting in this skin disorder. Even though a short-term improvement has been reported after the eradication therapy of H. pylori, any firm evidence for this association could not be obtained so far.
It has been found that a mite called Demodex are quite prevalent in the follicles of around 50% of the rosacea affected patients. Some scientists suspect this mite is also responsible in triggering this skin disease.
Use of some remedies like strong cortisone creams, drugs which cause flushing, vasolidating drugs, and some other medications which helps to lower the cholesterol level might play their role behind the formation of this hideous skin disease.
Subtypes of Rosacea
There are four subtypes of rosacea:
1) Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Typical symptoms are flushing and chronic redness along with visible blood vessels.
2) Papulopustular rosacea: Typical symptoms are chronic redness with short-lived bumps and pimples.
3) Phymatous rosacea: Common characteristics are thickening of skin and swollen nose.
4) Ocular rosacea: This subtype is characterized by symptoms such as dry swollen eyes with burning sensation, often loss of vision due to corneal damage.
Medication for Rosacea
If you are suspecting rosacea the first thing you need to do is consult your dermatologist. After examining your condition the doctor might prescribe you the proper medication or medicated cream and would help you to construct an appropriate regimen to fight back this skin disease. Some of the popular treatment procedures which your doctor might prescribe are mentioned below:
A number of antibiotics could be prescribed to deal with this disease. These might be used either in topical or oral form.
The most frequently used topical antibiotic cream is metronidazole. Some oral antibiotics like erythromycin, minocycline, doxycycline, tetracycline, etc. are often prescribed.
Many doctors prefer isotretinoin to treat rosacea associated with severe acne.
Laser treatment might be one of the best solutions to treat this skin ailment in severe condition.
Some other treatments including cryosurgery, dermabrasion, and skin grafting are also quite popular.
Some Precautionary Measures
Although the occurances of rosacea cannot be prevented completely; however by following some preventive measures you might be able to mitigate the severity as well as number of rosacea flare ups significantly:
- Avoid stress build up. Join some meditation centre or involve yourself in yoga or some other activities to shake off mental tension.
- Always make use of mild cleansers to wash your affected areas. Stay away from alcohol based products.
- Use appropriate sunscreen lotion to prevent your skin from scorching UV radiation of the sun.
Before deciding any medication for rosacea, see a skin specialist who would be able to guide you through every possible way to get rid of this traumatic skin disorder.