Rosacea is a very devastating skin ailment which mostly targets middle-age people above 30 years. As per statistics, rosacea skin disorder has been found to be more prevalent among white skinned females. Yet some opine that it has some kind of link with racial origin since the occurrence of rosacea has been noticed to be more common among people with Celtic origin. This is the reason why rosacea is often called as “Celtic curse.”
Symptoms of Rosacea
The symptoms of rosacea have a great resemblance to those of acne. And for this reason this ailment is often mistaken as acne while the origin, nature, and medication of these two skin disorders completely differ from one another. The basic symptom of rosacea is marked by sudden and excessive flushing and blushing of the facial region. In addition to this there might be onset of pimples, nodules, and pustules which are often found to be inflamed, solid, or pus-filled.
Facial region becomes the most favorable attack zone for acne rosacea skin disorder. Another typical sign which is closely related with the flushing of the face is the dilation of the blood vessels which in extreme cases might even rupture. Due to this unnatural dilation, the blood vessels which are often visible from the skin surface look much like a network of thin red lines. This condition is known as telangiectasia.
A deformed nose which is also known as rhynophyma, is yet another peculiar indication of rosacea. In rhynophyma, there is some fluid collection observed in the skin tissue of the nasal area which plays as the main reason behind the disfigurement of the nose. But it happens in severely outgrown condition of this disease if left untreated for a longer duration. Rosacea is also heard to attack the eyes by inducing profound dry eye symptoms, sandy and itchy feelings, watering, and swollen eyelids.
There is yet no scientific revelation of any foolproof causal factor which plays an active role behind rosacea skin disorder. However, as per some studies conducted on the occurrences of this skin problem, a few factors might be pointed out to be contributing to the origin of this disease to a large extent.
It is often thought that a kind of bacteria (Helicobacter pylori) or Demodex folliculorum mites may be responsible to influence the inception of rosacea. These bacterial growths attack and devastate the gastrointestinal tract, infecting the gastric mucosa, whereas the mites are found to be present in the hair follicles of the rosacea patients.
Exposure to extreme cold or heat, alcohol and caffeine consumption to a higher degree, emotional fits, hot beverages, etc. might be responsible indirectly in causing the redness or flushing of the skin which is very common in rosacea skin disorder.
Sometimes a few kinds of drugs are found to be responsible for dilating the blood vessels which is a unique symptom of rosacea. These drugs are known as vasodilating drugs namely, nitroglycerine-like drugs, amiodarone, ACE-inhibitors, etc.
Extreme photosensitivity has been noticed in most of the patients suffering from rosacea. Therefore many suspect the impact of UV radiation on the dermal tissues and blood vessels to be a major key factor working behind rosacea skin disorder.
Curing and Healing Rosacea
Unfortunately like its causes, any definite cure for this skin ailment is also obscure till date. Nevertheless, quite a number of medicinal treatment procedures and preventive measures have shown remarkable outcome in combating the disease with significance.
A rosacea patient should never be exposed to excessive heat nor remain too long in the sun. This would eliminate the chances of being affected by heat-induced or photoaggravated flushing of the skin. If possible a cold compress would prove to be a very effective way to alleviate the redness generated by the dilated blood vessels, and in doing so it would also restore the expanded blood vessels to a considerable amount.
A rosacea patient is always advised to visit an experienced dermatologist as soon as the onset of the disease is noticed. Dermatologists often suggest antibiotics like clindamycin, metronidazole, or erythromycin. Doxycycline is also used frequently as a popular medication for rosacea skin disorder.
Dermabrasion, electrosurgery, and C02 laser are a few names of the available surgical procedures for fixing rhynophyma or nasal deformation.
In order to reduce the ocular problems, patients are usually advised to clean their eyelids with dilute baby shampoo and other over-the-counter eyelid cleansing products.