Skin is that organ of human body which encompasses the largest surface. But often we forget to recognize its existence with equivalent importance like other organs. Perhaps this is the reason why we fail to build up a solid know-how about the structure and function of skin and the identification of most skin disorders.
Common Skin Problems
Certain skin diseases are found to be very common among people of every corner of this world. A brief overview on some of them would be helpful in combating them with more efficiency.
Eczema is a very disturbing skin problem which often gives rise to embarrassments and other psychological reactions in the victims’ mind. This disease is usually identified by profound itching and irritation in the affected area, accompanied by redness and swelling. Eczema most often attacks babies although adults are not an exception either.
The best possible way to cope with this skin disorder is to avoid the things that might generate it. It is not contagious, so no need to be afraid of touching anyone bearing the same disease. Learn and try to stay away from eczema generating items like household cleansers, gasoline, aftershave lotions, soaps and detergents, a few types of solvents, etc.
Always use mild soaps in order to wash your skin. Never leave your hands or feet wet after washing it. At the same time avoid too much of dryness which might cause skin irritation. If you are staying in some dry and cold environment then it might aggravate your eczema. Therefore take enough protection from dryness and cold. On the other hand, too hot and sweaty atmosphere might also give rise to similar aversive conditions. So be alert of that too.
Follow a few tips like wearing gloves while working with water and always go for cotton or cotton blend apparels.
If the situation still worsens then do visit a good dermatologist and follow the instructions about necessary medication.
This skin disorder is more common among teens and adults up to 35 years. The basic characteristic of this disease is think and red scale-like formation on the skin surface. Sometimes pus filled blisters might worsen the condition. It is commonly found on the skins of elbows and knees, however the appearance of these lesions are not restricted only to these two areas. They might appear and spread anywhere, even on the scalp.
Psoriasis is believed to be an outcome of a flawed immune system. T cells are one kind of white blood cells which are responsible for resisting and protecting our body from malicious virus and bacterial microorganisms. But in a patient with psoriasis, the immune system passes a wrong signal due to which the T cells start attacking the existing body cells thinking them to be foreign elements. And as a consequence of this, our natural bodily immune system starts producing more and more skin cells in the affected regions.
The basic precautionary measure against this skin disorder is to use some good moisturizer to reduce dryness from the skin. Sun light sometimes heals this skin problem to some extent, but staying too long in the sun light might actually invite worse conditions. Although not contagious in nature, psoriasis is not a simple disease. Therefore, visiting an experienced skin doctor is a must who might suggest some prescription topical medicines to be applied on the affected regions. However, in persistent cases an injection is often used for faster and successful cure.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a very familiar skin disorder which we usually call as dandruffs. And it is not an unknown fact that dandruffs are nothing but unusual flaking of the skin, especially that of the scalp. However, it might happen in other portions of the body as well. The exact cause of this disease is still unknown. According to some dermatologists, this is an outcome of hormonal changes. This conclusion is drawn due to the disappearance of this disease during the onset of puberty and reappearance at the middle age. Still others believe that it is a result of one kind of fungus called Malassezia which are otherwise residential organisms of our skin, but whenever they proliferate, they tend to give rise to this skin disorder.
Treating seborrheic dermatitis is nothing but reducing dandruff which we often do by using antidandruff shampoos which often contain agents like salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, or zinc pyrithione. An ideal application for twice a week is helpful in removing the flakes successfully.