Looking into the mirror sometimes you might be thinking of those ugly acne breakouts which you had left far behind in the days of adolescence. You got a healthy and glowing skin after removing those blemishes root and branch. But since you have become pregnant surprisingly you are facing the emergence of acne lesions once again. You might feel very much scared of the thought of those odds of acne scar formation which is quite obvious on your part. But, as a matter of fact it is quite common to have acne in pregnancy and you can really beat it with the help of a proper treatment regimen.
Why Do Pregnant Patients Get Acne
It has been estimated that almost 50% of adult women experience acne flare ups during premenstrual period and pregnancy and there is nothing abnormal about it. During pregnancy the serum level of male hormones, androgens, goes on top giving rise to a sudden hormonal imbalance in female body.
This erratic upsurge of male hormones influences the oil glands underneath epidermal skin layer to secrete huge amount of body oil or sebum. Surplus sebum, instead of reaching the skin surface, clogs up the hair follicles intermingling with follicular lining dead cells and acne causing Propionibacterium acnes bacteria. This eventually leads to several types of acne lesions and inflammation not only on your face but also on several parts of your body.
However some lucky women do not face this situation during their pregnancy. But, those who deal with such traumatic situation of acne in pregnancy often face the worst period during their first trimester.
Nevertheless, over a few months of your conception your female hormonal level gradually increases easing up the whole acne condition and even disappearing completely.
How to Deal with Acne in Pregnancy
Although some people might find it trivial to be worried about; but one should not forget that she is pregnant now and as this bothersome skin disorder could devastate her self esteem turning her into a patient of depression, it might directly affect the unborn baby in several ways. And it is for sure that one expected mother won’t welcome any such situation which might harm her baby.
Just by maintaining a few simple rules in your everyday life and following some treatment procedures as per the direction of your doctor you could get rid of this skin disease completely.
1) Dos and Don’ts to Keep Your Acne at Bay
The following tips might help you to prevent the problem altogether:
- Wash your face and other affected areas with a mild soap or cleanser and tepid water twice a day to keep it clean and oil free. If you are using a cleanser then make sure that it is mild and oil-free. Use plenty of lukewarm water to wash away the residual soap which otherwise create irritation in your skin.
- Do not over cleanse your skin or rub with a harsh scrubber in an attempt to wipe off your acne pimples as early as possible, which otherwise could backfire your overall endeavor, adding more acne lesions to your face. Over cleansing would strip away the surplus oil from your skin which would lead to more irritation and breakouts.
- After cleansing session pat dry your skin and apply a moisturizer which should be mild and oil free. Use cosmetics which are water based and labeled as noncomedogenic and nonacnegenic. These won’t clog your skin pores with greasy substances. Do not forget to wash off your make-ups before going to sleep.
- Direct exposure to sun could dry out your skin by reducing the moisture level of the skin layer. Use a suitable sunscreen cream religiously before going out under the sun.
- Never rub or squeeze acne pimples manually. Picking pimples could turn them into permanent scar.
- Drink plenty of water everyday to keep your skin hydrated which would help your cutaneous layer to stay away from acne pimples.
- Always consult your doctor before going for any preventive measure to keep yourself away from the acne in pregnancy.
2) Medication to Prevent Acne in Pregnancy
While you are pregnant never take any acne medication without consulting your doctor, otherwise a wrong treatment could inflict severe side effects on you as well as on your unborn baby. Some of the acne drugs which you should always avoid during pregnancy are:
• Tetracycline and Doxycycline: Oral antibiotics used for acne inflammation
• Salicylic acid: Common ingredient for topical acne treatments
• Tretinoin: Often sold under the brand name of Retin-A
• Isotretinoin: This medication for severe acne symptoms is sold under the brand name Accutane
A few medicines which you might be able to use for acne in pregnancy without putting your fetus in risk for major malformations are benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, and erythromycin.